Antalya (Turkish pronunciation: [anˈtalja]) is the eighth most populous city in Turkey and the capital of its eponymous province. Located on Anatolia’s flourishing southwest coast bordered by the Taurus Mountains, Antalya is the largest Turkish city on the Mediterranean coast with over one million people in its metropolitan area. Antalya Province, which includes the city, is home to almost two million people and is the fastest-growing province in the country.
The city that is now Antalya was first settled around the 200 BC by the Attalid dynasty of Pergamon, which was soon subdued by the Romans. Roman rule saw Antalya thrive, including the construction of several new monuments, such as Hadrian’s Gate, and the proliferation of neighboring cities. The city has changed hands several times, including to the Byzantine Empire in 1207 and an expanding Ottoman Empire in 1391. Ottoman rule brought relative peace and stability for the next five-hundred years. The city was transferred to Italian suzerainty in the aftermath of World War I, but was recaptured by a newly independent Turkey in the War of Independence.
Turkey’s industrialization and modernization has seen a complete revival of Antalya’s socioeconomic and political landscape. Large-scale development and governmental funding has seen the city become a world tourism hub, hosting a record 12.5 million tourists in 2014. Symbolic of the city’s rapidly developing tourism economy, Antalya will host the 2015 G-20 summit.